Grammar is important when learning English. Even though we focus more on the aspect of listening and speaking here at World English Club, we want you to have an overall better understanding of English. This article, written by Elizabeth O’Brien, describes how to write simple sentences.

Simple sentences should be exactly that. Simple. When you try to add too many prepositions and articles and things like that, you need to add more and more punctuation and your sentence will become complex.

We believe that you will be able to speak better and listen better when you know these basics.

Every single word in the English language can be categorized into one of eight categories, or the English parts of speech.

Knowing these eight categories will help you if you are teaching grammar or learning grammar.

1. Nouns

  • These are words that name people, places, things, or ideas.

Nouns can do the most things in a sentence. They can act as the subjects, objects, or predicate nouns.

  • Proper nouns name specific people, places, or things. (Emily, the Eiffel Tower, Nikes)
  • Common nouns name general, non-specific people, places, or things. (girl, tower, shoes)

2. Pronouns

  • These words take the place of nouns.
  • These are words like: she, it, they, us, that, both, few, myself, and himself.

3. Adjectives

  • These describe nouns and pronouns.
  • They answer the questions: Which one? What kind? How many? Whose?

For instance, look at the following sentence: I will wear my brown shirt.
The word brown tells us which shirt, therefore, it is an adjective describing the word shirt.

4. Verbs

These words express an action or a state of being. There are three categories of verbs.

  • Action verbs describe actions. There are many, many action verbs. Ex. (run, jump, think…)
  • Linking verbs link the subject of a sentence with an adjective that describes it or a noun that renames it. There are only 20 linking verbs. Ex. (is, feel, become…)
  • Helping verbs help action and linking verbs. They are not strong enough to be the only verb in a sentence. There are only 24 helping verbs. Ex. (is, could, will…)

5. Adverbs

  • These are the most versatile part of speech. They can describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They also answer certain questions, just like adjectives.
  • Adverbs answer these questions: How? When? Where? Why? For example, look at the following sentence: I will ride the horse tomorrow.

The word tomorrow tells us when this person will ride the horse, so it is an adverb describing the word ride.

6. Prepositions

  • Prepositions have the most complicated definition, but they are easier to understand with a few examples.
  • They are words that show the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word in a sentence. They are always found in prepositional phrases.

Here are some examples:
– in the house,
– over the hill
– around town

7. Conjunctions

  • Conjunctions are glue words. They glue two or more words, phrases, clauses together.
  • Coordinating conjunctions join equal sentence elements such as two or more words, phrases, or clauses. – words: cookies and milk – phrases: up the tree and over the fence – clauses: I ate, but she drank.
  • Subordinating conjunctions join things that are not equal. – Because I like you, I will take out the garbage. In the above example, the conjunction because is joining a dependent clause with an independent clause.
  • Correlative conjunctions are always used in pairs (either/or, both/and, and not only/but also).

8. Interjections

    • Interjections express emotion. They are not grammatically related to the rest of the sentence. That means that they don’t modify anything, and are not connected to any other word.
    • They are words like: yes, no, yippee, yikes, darn, rats
    • They are punctuated with either an exclamation point or a comma.

– Wow! This pie is great!
– No, I don’t want pie.

Click below to go to the Lesson:

    • Four Main Problems in Writing Grammatically Correct Sentences

This section gives you guidance on how to write a correct sentence.

    • Verbs

This page is about verbs and when and where to use them.

    • Adjectives

Adjectives are an important part of a sentence.

    • Common Nouns & Proper Nouns

There are two types of nouns. Common and Proper.

    • Different Types of Sentences

There are many different types of sentences; and with minor adjustments, you can change the type.

    • Parts of Speech

There are a lot of parts to speech. Start here to learn past tense, present tense and future tense.

    • Conjunctions

Conjunctions are glue words. They glue two or more words, phrases, clauses together


“Eight Categories” written by Elizabeth O’Brien